Avian post mortem examination

Avian post mortem examination

Note:  Care must be taken to avoid aerosolisation of zoonotic diseases such as Chlamydophila (Psittacosis) and Mycobacteriosis. Wearing a mask with approriate levels of protection is advised.

Basic Outline:

  • Weigh, external appearance
  • Wet
  • Reflect legs
  • Reflect skin
  • Pectoral muscles
  • Remove or reflect keel bone and pectorals. Airsacs
  • Reflect liver, spleen, alimentary tract (GIT). Examine liver, spleen.
  • Remove beak- turbinates.  Infraorbital sinuses.
  • Oral cavity, choanal cleft
  • Oesophagus and crop
  • Larynx and trachea
  • Heart
  • Lungs
  • Reproductive tract
  • Kidneys, adrenal glands
  • Sciatic nerve, brachial plexus
  • Spine, head, brain
  • Joints, tendons, section bone, snap long bones
  • GIT- proventriculus, gizzard, SI (Meckels diverticulum), pancreas, caecae (lymph tissue)
  • Lymphoid system- thymus, Bursa of Fabricius

Recommended reference books:

  • Poultry Diseases, 4th or 5th edn, Jordan, F.
  • A colour atlas of diseases of the domestic foal and turkey, Ranadall, C.J., 1985